One hundred years ago this month Regina College was shutting down its teaching activities to combat an outbreak of Typhoid Fever.
“The epidemic was all the more alarming and disconcerting because the college had escaped unscathed the widespread influenza epidemic of 1918-1919. At that time many Reginans died, but the college, having instituted a strict quarantine, suffered no casualties. The problem in 1920 arose from an infected milk supply… One of the farm workers, who unknowingly was a typhoid carrier, contaminated the milk, causing sixty-eight students, four teachers, and six members of the household staff to contract the fever. Early in December 1920 President Stapleford cancelled all the classes and ordered the girls’ residence converted into an infirmary… The only students who were completely safe were the war veterans who had been inoculated while in the army.” (James M. Pitsula, An Act of Faith: The Early Years of Regina College, 1988, Page 57-58)
There are some eerie parallels between now and one hundred years ago as the fight of COVID-19 continues. One important parallel being that in times like these healthcare workers are always our heroes at the forefront of the fight.
“The College Physician, with three other Doctors, assisted by thirty-six nurses, were untiring in their efforts to care for the sick, and no expense was spared in fighting the dread disease. We deeply regret to record that we lost by death, four of our brightest girls: Miss Illa Hodder of Rouleau, Miss Eleanora Swinehart of Huntoon, Miss Carrie Pritchard of Dumas and Miss Muriel Haggerty of Belle Plaine, and four of our finest young men: Rudyard Barnum of Star City, Frank Ritson of Dilke, Clifford Stephenson of Meyronne and George McFarlane of Nokomis. One of the members of our teaching staff, Mr. Roy P. Renwick, also fell a victim to the disease. Mr. Renwick was a most successful teacher, conscientious and painstaking. He will long be remembered by his colleagues on the staff and by his students because of the unselfishness of his character and life.” (U of R Archives, 2019-1, Box 1, File 4, Tenth Annual Report, Regina College, May 18, 1921)
After the tragedy of the epidemic, Regina College instituted some decisive changes, including the use of pasteurized milk and requesting that students and staff “be inoculated against Typhoid upon entering the College.” (U of R Archives, 2019-1, Box 1, File 4, Tenth Annual Report, Regina College, May 18, 1921)
For reports on this event and the discussion around the use of unpasteurized versus pasteurized milk, also check out the Leader-Post database, which is a great resource available to you from home. If you would like to learn more about this topic please email email@example.com.
The Archer Library staff is getting in the Halloween 2020 spirit… by dressing up their pets. As you can see Hagrid is still deciding which costume to wear, but Gracie is ready with her “candy corn” attire, and Brooks is dressed as a spooky bandit.
Share your dressed up pets in the comments below….
To celebrate Women’s History Month, the University of Regina Archives and Special Collections would like to profile journalist Gladys Arnold.
Arnold was born in Macoun, Saskatchewan in 1905. She taught in various rural schools before joining the Regina Leader-Post in April 1930. Arnold began as an editorial assistant but was soon writing editorials, feature articles, and news stories that were picked up by other newspapers.
Seeking adventure, Arnold left her job in 1935 and traveled to Europe. Arnold began submitting freelance pieces to the Canadian Press (CP) and shortly was hired as their full-time Paris correspondent. In the next four years she reported from France, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Italy and from the Spanish border during the Spanish Civil War.
Image credit: University of Regina Archives and Special Collections, Gladys Arnold Fonds, 98-54, Box 2, File 12, Gladys Arnold’s press card, Paris, 1940 (front) and (back)
Gladys Arnold was the sole Canadian correspondent in France at the outbreak of the Second World War and she covered the early days of the conflict, the so-called “phoney war”, until the German occupation of Paris in June 1940. Returning to Canada, Arnold served with the CP Bureau in Ottawa until 1941 when she left CP to help set up the Free French Information Service in Canada. After the war this service was attached to the French Embassy in Ottawa and Arnold served as its Director until her retirement in 1971.
In 1987 Arnold published her memoirs about her wartime experiences, One Woman’s War: A Canadian Reporter with the Free French (Toronto: J. Lorimer, 1987). For her service to France she was named Honorary Brigadier in the French Free Forces in 1940, and Chevalier de la legion d’honneur in 1975. In 1988 the University of Regina presented her with an honorary Doctor of Laws. Gladys Arnold died in Regina in 2002.
The Gladys Arnold Fonds at the University of Regina Archives and Special Collections consists of 10 collections containing her personal and professional papers. You can browse the contents of Arnold’s collections by visiting her dedicated web page.